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Italy

Italy

Italy (Italian: Italia `{`iˈtaːlja`}`, officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana `{`reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna`}`), is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Italy is located in south-central Europe, and it is also considered a part of western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with its capital in Rome, the country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in Tunisian waters (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.

Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically advanced countries,[28][29][30] with the world’s eighth-largest economy by nominal GDP (third in the Eurozone), sixth-largest national wealth and third-largest central bank gold reserve. It ranks very highly in life expectancy, quality of life,[31] healthcare,[32] and education. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs; it is both a regional power[33][34] and a great power,[35][36] and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UNNATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of EuropeUniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more. The country has long been a global centre of artmusicliteraturephilosophyscience and technology, and fashion, and has greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields including cinemacuisinesports, jurisprudence, banking and business.[37] As a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to the world’s largest number of World Heritage Sites (55), and is the fifth-most visited country.

Good to Know

In 1695, the British Thesurus Geographicus referred to Italy as The Boot for (as far as we know) the first time in history. The description went as following: “The Figure or Shape of this Country is very Remarkable, and may be well compar’d to that of a Man’s Leg, the End whereof seems as it were to kick the Island of Siciliy into the Sea; Italy is stretched forth toward the South, as it were a Peninsule, in form of a Boot, into the Mediterranean-Sea…”. In fact three smaller peninsulas each form a distinct part of the anatomy of what Italians call lo Stivale: Calabria (the “toe”), Salento (the “heel”) and Gargano (the “spur”). Though high heeled shoes may not have existed back in 1695, you can bet that fashion designers took inspiration from the peninsula to design what would become later a women’s worst nightmare, and a drag queen’s emblematic accessory!

Country

Italy

Visa Requirements

Not Needed for EU and USA/Canada Citizens.

Languages spoken

Italian

Currency Used

Euro

Area (km2)

301,340 km2

Municipalities

Metropolitan city Region Areas :
Rome Lazio
Milan Lombardy
Naples Campania
Turin Piedmont
Palermo Sicily
Catania Sicily
Florence Tuscany
Bologna Emilia-Romagna
Genoa Liguria
Venice Veneto

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