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Japan

Japan

Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon `{`ɲippoꜜɴ`}` or Nihon `{`ɲihoꜜɴ`}`; officially Japanese: 日本国, Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku) is an island country located in East Asia. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, and spans from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Philippine Sea in the south. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan encompasses an archipelago of about 6,852 islands, with five main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Okinawa) comprising 97% of the country's area.

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Today, Japan is a member of the United Nations, the OECD, the G7, and the G20. Although it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world’s fourth most powerful. Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth to become the world’s second-largest economy by 1980. Today, Japan’s economy is the world’s third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity; it is also the fourth-largest importer and exporter and a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is ranked “very high” on the Human Development Index; its population enjoys high levels of education and the second-highest life expectancy in the world, though it currently is experiencing a projected decline due to low birth rates. Culturally, Japan is renowned for its artcuisineliteraturecinemamusic, and popular culture.

Good to Know

Japan is called “Nihon” by the locals which can be literally translated into “The Land of the Rising Sun”. Due to many phonological changes, Nihon is written as Nippon. Nihon and Nippon are still the most popular names of Japan. At the ancient times Japan was also known as “Yamato”.

Country

Japan

Visa Requirements

Not Needed for EU and USA/Canada Citizens.

Languages spoken

Japanese

Currency Used

Yen

Area (km2)

377,975 km2

Municipalities

Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Kyoto, etc

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